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A)Iran nuclear talks stumble, extended until July
Cat : US-IRAN
Date : 25/11/2014                      Reader : 123

H.D.A : AMERICANS ARE FOOLING MUSLIM WORLD AND WORLD COMMUNITY BY CLAIMED TALKS ON IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM!!WE ARE SURE THOSE TALKS ARE MAINLY FOR PUSHING IRAN TO WARS AGAINST SUNNI WORLD!!ANOTHER ISSUE IS PEACE WITH ISRAEL AND SUPPORT PROJECT OF GREAT ISRAEL AFTER SPLIT AND WEAKENING OF MUSLIM WORLD!!THERE IS A HIDDEN ALLIANCE BETWEEN IRAN AND AXE OF EVIL TO FIGHT SUNNI WORLD AND HOLD UP SUNNI ISLAMIC STATE!

 

lasvegassun              24-11-2014

A)Iran nuclear talks stumble, extended until July

  B)The US-Iran differences that blocked a nuke deal

  C)Kerry says gaps remain in talks about Iran’s nukes

VIENNA (AP) — A yearlong effort to seal a nuclear deal with Iran fizzled Monday, leaving the U.S. and its allies little choice but to declare a seven-month extension in hopes that a new deadline will be enough to achieve what a decade of negotiations have failed to do — limit Tehran's ability to make a nuclear weapon.

Pushback from critics in Congress followed almost immediately, with powerful Republicans saying that Iran is merely trying to buy time.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and other Western foreign ministers defended the add-on time as the best way forward. "We would be fools to walk away," Kerry declared.

But a week of tough maneuvering appeared to have achieved little more than agreement to keep on talking. Negotiators will now strive to nail down by March 1 what Iran and the six world powers it is negotiating with must do, and by when. A final agreement is meant to follow four months later.

Members of the new Republican-controlled Congress to be sworn in early next year threatened to impose additional sanctions on Iran and may well have enough votes to overturn an expected veto by President Barack Obama.

"The one thing the Iranians didn't have was time, and now they have 219 days," lamented Sen. Mark Kirk, an Illinois Republican whose work with Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez of New Jersey on oil sanctions helped cripple Iran's economy and drive it to the negotiating table.

Kirk pledged to come forward with a new bipartisan sanctions package after the Republican takeover of the Senate. Menendez suggested similar action, saying he'd work "to ensure that Iran comprehends that we will not ever permit it to become a threshold nuclear state."

The U.S. administration strongly opposes additional sanctions because it fears it will push Tehran away from the table.

Monday's decision already appeared to benefit Iran. Its nuclear program is left frozen but intact, without any of the cuts sought by the U.S. And while the negotiations continue, so will monthly dole-outs of $700 million in frozen funds that began under the temporary nuclear deal agreed on late last year that led to the present talks.

Kerry called for patience, saying he hoped congressional skeptics would "come to see the wisdom" of giving talks an extra "few months to be able to proceed without sending messages that might be misinterpreted."

In Tehran, hard-liners fearful that their country will give away more than it gets under any final deal may increase pressure on Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to break off talks. Still, the latest extension appears to have the approval of Khamenei, the ultimate arbiter in his country.

Positive comments by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani reflected Khamenei's backing.

"Many gaps have been eliminated," Rouhani said in a statement, though he added the sides were "still some distance" from a deal.

U.S.-Iran relations have warmed since Rouhani took office last year and the thaw has extended to the nuclear negotiations.

Still, Rouhani has struggled to sell the idea of negotiating with arch-foe America to hard-liners at home and he pledged "ultimate victory" for the Islamic Republic in securing a favorable agreement.

British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond told reporters the sides were giving themselves until March to agree on a text "that sets out in layman's language what we have agreed to do." Experts then will have four months to "translate that into precise definitions of what will happen on the ground," he said.

A joint statement read by Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and EU official Catherine Ashton, speaking for the six powers negotiating with Iran, said the sides "remain convinced that ... a comprehensive solution can be reached."

Even the new deadline was not immediately clear, with negotiators saying it was July 1, and Hammond fixing it at June 30.

Among the issues the two sides are haggling over are how many — and what kind — of centrifuges Iran should be allowed to have. The machines can enrich uranium from low reactor-fuel level up to grades used to build the core of a nuclear weapon. Washington wants deeper and more lasting cuts in the program than Tehran is willing to give.

The U.S. initially wanted Iran to slash its centrifuges to less than 2,000 from the nearly 10,000 it now runs, but says it can accept 4,500 if Tehran agrees to other conditions meant to slow its ability to turn toward making weapons-grade uranium. Iran, which came to the talks in February insisting it be allowed to keep its present program, says it can reduce to 8,000.

Washington and Tehran also differ on how long constraints should remain on Tehran's nuclear program. Washington has moved from wanting restrictions over at least 20 years to accepting between 10 and 15 years, but the Iranians insist on no more than 10 years.

Past talks have often ended on an acrimonious note, with each side blaming the other for lack of a deal. But Kerry focused on praise, in an apparent attempt to maintain a relatively cordial atmosphere at the negotiating table.

Kerry, who arrived Thursday and met repeatedly with Zarif, said his Iranian counterpart "worked diligently and approached these negotiations in good faith."

"We have made real and substantial progress and we have seen new ideas surface," Kerry told reporters. "Today we are closer to a deal that will make the whole world, especially our allies in Israel and the Gulf, safer."

Hammond and other foreign ministers of the six powers also sought to put a good face on what was achieved. Hammond spoke of "significant progress," while German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said only differences about "technical details" remained.

"All the people involved here feel that there really is a chance to find a way to reach each other and we are going to take that chance," Steinmeier said.

But the length of the extension suggests that both sides felt plenty of time was needed to overcome disputes.

Tehran residents hoping for relief from sanctions and a reduction in tensions expressed frustration at Monday's decision, despite their president's positive spin.

"The West is making a big mistake," said high school teacher Abbas Hoseini. "Instead of working with Iran and a close engagement, they are pushing Iran toward Russia and China."

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  B)The US-Iran differences that blocked a nuke deal

 

VIENNA (AP) — Renewed failure by Iran and the U.S. to reach a nuclear agreement by a Monday deadline reflects the difficulties each side has with crossing red lines they brought with them to the negotiating table

With the two sides so far apart when they started the latest round of talks in February, sizable differences remain as talks were extended for another seven months. Here's a look at where things stand:

___

URANIUM ENRICHMENT

Both sides agree that Iran should have an "enrichment program with practical limits and transparency measures" to ensure it's peaceful. Uranium can be enriched from low, reactor-fuel level, up to grades used to build the core of a nuclear weapon.

Iran hasn't publicly pulled back from expanding enrichment to a level that would require about 190,000 centrifuges — something the U.S. considers unacceptable. It now has about 20,000 centrifuges, half of them running and is ready to reduce the operational machines to around 7,000 machines. Washington has moved from demanding less than 2,000 to accepting around 4,000.

___

FORDO AND ARAK

Because the underground enrichment plant near the Iranian village of Fordo is heavily fortified against aerial attacks, the U.S. and its allies want it shuttered or turned to other uses. Iran wants to keep centrifuges running there even if they aren't enriching — something Washington rejects.

The reactor under construction near the city of Arak is a heavy-water unit that would produce substantial amounts of plutonium that can be used as the fissile core of a missile. The U.S. seeks a completely new kind of reactor that produces only minuscule amounts of plutonium. The Iranians would rather re-engineer it to produce less plutonium — but that process is reversible.

___

AGREEMENT LENGTH

An interim agreement says that if Iran honors a final agreement, it will eventually be treated as any other non-nuclear weapons member of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. This means Iran would have the right to expand enrichment without having to worry about strict monitoring.

Washington has moved from wanting restrictions over at least 20 years to accepting between 10 and 15 years. Iran wants less than 10 years.

___

SANCTIONS RELIEF

Iran wants immediate and permanent relief from U.S., EU and U.N. sanctions, but is unlikely to receive more than a token addition to the easing of some penalties that it has already seen until there is a final deal and a mechanism to ensure its compliance.

The U.S. and its partners have made clear that any lifting of sanctions will be reversible in the case of non-compliance. In Washington, members of the new Republican-majority Congress that will start work in January have already signaled they will ramp up sanctions in the event of an agreement that doesn't dismantle the enrichment process.

___

SUSPECTED NUCLEAR WEAPONS WORK

Iran denies wanting — or ever working on — nuclear weapons and has pledged to cooperate with the latest effort by the U.N. atomic agency to investigate such allegations.

But months into the inquiry, Tehran has yet to provide information sought by the International Atomic Energy Agency. While the investigation is separate from the talks, the U.S. says a deal can be struck only if the IAEA is satisfied with the probe and its final results.

-------------------

 

  C)Kerry says gaps remain in talks about Iran’s nukes

 

VIENNA (AP) — U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is warning of "serious gaps" in the talks about a nuclear deal with Iran, and if major differences persist the possibility of extending past Monday's deadline is seeming more likely.

Discussions on going past that deadline have not begun between Iran and the U.S. — the lead players in negotiations that formally group six world powers on one side of the negotiating table and the Islamic Republic on the other.

One American official familiar with the talks said Saturday the U.S. has not wanted to prematurely raise the possibility of an extension because that could take pressure off the Iranians.

However, as the clock ticks toward the deadline, the official — who demanded anonymity because his information was confidential — said discussion of an extension was inevitable.

The United States — backed by Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany — is seeking a deal that cuts, and puts long-term limits on, Iranian nuclear programs that could be used to make weapons. Iran says it does not want such arms but is negotiating in the hope of reducing sanctions imposed because of its nuclear activities.

In addition to lingering debate over stockpiles of uranium gas that can be enriched to levels ranging from reactor fuel to the fissile core of nuclear arms and permissible numbers of centrifuges that do the enriching, Iran is eager for immediate and comprehensive sanctions relief. The U.S. is holding to a strict incremental timetable that would allow penalties to be quickly re-imposed in the event of Iranian non-compliance.

In addition to Kerry's note of pessimism on Saturday about the talks, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said the sides are "still far apart" on some questions. Success or failure, he said, "is still completely open at this point."

Steinmeier spoke after arriving in Vienna to join Kerry's efforts to move the talks forward and shortly before meeting with the chief U.S. diplomat.

High-level comings and goings since Friday also have seen British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius stop by for talks with Kerry, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and other participants in the negotiations.

Kerry's outlook on the talks jibed with comments from diplomats familiar with the discussions, who said prospects for a final agreement by deadline appeared slim.

Kerry — who has met repeatedly with Zarif since arriving Thursday — spoke by telephone on Saturday to Arab foreign ministers in the Gulf, whose countries fear Iran's potential abilities to make nuclear arms, and with his Canadian and Turkish counterparts, the U.S. State Department said. He also talked Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu by phone.

Hopes of progress were briefly boosted Friday, with reports that Zarif planned to fly to Tehran for additional consultations. That could have meant possible progress, suggesting that the Iranians need political approval from Tehran to move forward.

Iranian media initially spoke of a new U.S. initiative that Zarif needed to have his superiors approve, but the Iranian diplomat dashed those hopes, saying he was staying in Vienna and had "no remarkable offers and ideas to take to Tehran."

Asked about the prospects of an agreement while taking an outside cigarette break from a meeting Saturday, Zarif shouted "Inshallah" ("God willing") in Farsi.

 

 

 


 
 
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