Urgent action is needed from UN with strong message to those unwilling , unless they bring a better alternative for remedy. Time is running short.
Associated France Press (AFP) 6/11/2006
UN climate conference to start in Nairobi
NAIROBI (AFP) - Governments resisting ratifying the Kyoto Protocol will come under pressure to fall into line as a global climate summit beginning here on Monday starts to debate the future after the greenhouse gas treaty expires.
Countries whose leaders signed the protocol but whose parliaments failed to ratify it -- notably Australia and the United States -- will come under the spotlight at the 12th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The global summit will also address ways rapidly industrialising nations such as India, China and Brazil can minimise the environmental damage of their economic progress, a diplomatic source told AFP.
A recent report by the British economist Sir Nicholas Stern, which claimed that global warming could have a socio-economic effect equivalent the two world wars, is expected to stimulate debate.
The former World Bank chief economist singled out China and India -- but also the United States -- as powerhouse nations whose backing is crucial for a global solution.
The summit, the first in Sub-Saharan Africa, coincides with the Second Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gas emissions being held from November 6 - 17, also in Nairobi.
Reached after arduous negotiations, Kyoto took life in February 2005, committing industrialised countries -- minus the United States, the biggest single polluter, and Australia -- to a cut of about five percent in annual emissions by 2012 compared with their level in 1990.
Compared with past UNFCCC talks which have been cliffhangers where sometimes Kyoto's very existence has hung in the balance, the Nairobi meeting should be a humdrum affair.
It will seek to fine-tune the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), one of the treaty's two carbon-credits schemes, so that it gives more access to African countries, and set down a five-year programme for helping poor countries adapt to looming climate change through a fund financed from CDM proceeds.
Experts will deliver the latest scientific assessment on climate change and its likely costs, and corporations already involved in the carbon cleanup will be pitching their goods and services.
Many business chiefs are clamouring for pledges of continuity beyond 2012 to secure long-term investment.
But talks on the two key issues -- how deep the post-2012 cuts should be and whether big developing countries such as China and India should be required to make them -- have only just begun.