up its nuclear weapons, then US must take off its rockets with nuclear heads planted in SKorea oriented towards NKorea. US must leave the Korean region and take its 27000 troops together with all its military arsenal in SKorea. The obstacle for peace there, is US military presence . US in fact is against Korean unity as happened in Yemen and Germany . US strategy is based on divided settle Korea crises in a way to serve peace and unity of Korea.
Peace And Security
Associated France Press (AFP) 1/11/2006
Bush welcomes success on North Korea, but mistrust remains
by David Millikin
WASHINGTON (AFP) - President George W. Bush hailed North Korea's decision to return to disarmament negotiations as a vindication of his administration's much-maligned approach to the nuclear crisis with the isolated Stalinist regime.
But underscoring international mistrust of Pyongyang's erratic leaders, Washington insisted UN sanctions imposed on North Korea after it conducted its first nuclear test explosion on October 9 would remain in force for now.
"I'm very pleased with the progress being made in the Far East," Bush said after the surprise announcement of North Korea's decision, before adding: "Obviously, we've still got a lot of work to do."
Bush said US diplomats would soon be going to Asia to ensure continued enforcement of the UN sanctions against North Korea pending a new round of negotiations.
The diplomats will also "make sure that the talks are effective -- that we achieve the results we want, which is a North Korea that abandons their nuclear weapons programs, and her nuclear weapons, in a verifiable fashion," he said.
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the disarmament talks would not take place until after the November 18-19 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ( APEC) summit in Hanoi.
"I would think not too long after that we would hope to have the talks," she said in an interview with the CNBC cable television network.
Asked what Bush meant when insisting the talks be "effective," Rice said on CNBC: "What we need now are concrete steps that will demonstrate that we're making progress."
The United States announced earlier Tuesday that North Korea had agreed during secret talks in Beijing to abide by a September 2005 pledge to give up its nuclear arsenal, now believed to include up to a dozen bombs.
After seven hours of discussions, which included two-way talks between US envoy Christopher Hill and the North Koreans as well as trilateral meetings involving the Chinese, the North Koreans said they would return to six-party negotiations they had boycotted for the past year.
Those talks will focus on how to implement the 2005 disarmament deal and on a series of security, energy and economic guarantees offered by the parties to the talks -- China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States.
Rice denied any link between the timing of the announcement and next week's US midterm elections, in which Bush's foreign policy -- notably on Iraq -- is central issue.
"The Chinese approached us several days ago, five or six days ago, setting a very close timeline, October 31st, for the talks," said Rice on CNBC. "We agreed and the talks took place on that timeline and no other timeline."
Bush singled out the role of China, which initiated Tuesday's meeting and has played a key role in the six-party process as North Korea's oldest ally and main aid and trading partner.
"I want to thank the Chinese for encouraging the meeting that got the agreement to get the six-party talks restarted," he said.
The turnaround came barely two weeks after the UN Security Council voted unanimously to impose trade sanctions on North Korea designed to starve its military of funds and materiel needed for its arms programs and to prevent Pyongyang from selling its weapons know-how to terrorists or other states.
Bush attributed the breakthrough to the US policy of dealing with North Korea through a coalition of regional states rather than resuming bilateral negotiations which had failed in the past to halt Pyongyang's nuclear program.
"I've always felt like it is important for the United States to be at the table with other partners when it comes time to addressing this important issue," he said.
North Korea had been demanding bilateral talks with the US as a condition for returning to the broader negotiations and Bush was under growing pressure from across the US political spectrum to engage the North directly.
US officials insisted that while Tuesday's meetings included bilateral contacts with the North Koreans, the encounters were handled in the six-party context and did not amount to the kind of one-on-one negotiations Pyongyang had been seeking.
"There is a distinction between discussions and negotiations," State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said.
"We are dedicated to this (six-party) framework," he said, adding that the other members of the coalition had been informed beforehand about the Beijing meeting.
Moscow however bridled at the North Korean announcement, with Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Alexeyev complaining that "only three sides agreed on the resumption" of negotiations.