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U.S., China at odds over North Korea sanctions
Cat : WMD
Date : 2006-10-12 17:22:03                      Reader : 263

those of China . Also World peace is an issue of UN not U.S. alone. The aggressive hostile policy of U.S. today created enemies everywhere and isolation of U.S. in the world. We think NKorea is not alone and solving the problem needs wiseness and tolerance . It should be settled through dialogue, not force and sanctions.
We think it is time for UN to find out a way to dismantle all WMD from the globe, not only Korea.


REUTERS 12/10/2006

U.S., China at odds over North Korea sanctions

 

By Jonathan Thatcher

SEOUL (Reuters) - The United States will push formally on Thursday for tough U.N. punishment of North Korea for its reported nuclear test, but is certain to face strong opposition from China.

China, the nearest North Korea has to a backer, openly condemned its communist neighbor after it announced on Monday it had conducted a nuclear test and agreed to limited sanctions.

"In response to North Korea's actions we're working with our partners ... to ensure there are serious repercussions for the regime in Pyongyang,"U.S. President George W. Bush said on Wednesday after Japan announced new sanctions of its own against North Korea.

But a new U.S. resolution goes further than Beijing wants.

There has not yet been any independent confirmation that Monday's test was of a nuclear device. But some have speculated that if it was nuclear, it might not have been successful as claimed by Pyongyang.

North Korea has held out the threat of more tests, calling U.S. pressure to rein in its nuclear program tantamount to a "declaration of war."

A U.N. Security Council vote on the resolution could come on Friday, when the leaders of China and South Korea -- on which Pyongyang relies for economic aid and a level of diplomatic protection -- are also due to meet in Beijing.

Both countries are anxious to avoid driving the reclusive North -- with its 1.2 million-strong army -- further into a corner, possibly triggering instability on the Korean peninsula, which has been divided for more than half a century.

China has already made clear at the United Nations that military action is out of the question.

HOW MUCH SWAY?

But analysts question how much sway Beijing and Seoul have over North Korea, which has more recently shown it is prepared to shun its main benefactors.

Amid sharp differences at the United Nations over the scope of any sanctions on North Korea, China said on Thursday it had sent envoy Tang Jiaxuan, a state councilor and former foreign minister, to Washington with a stop in Moscow.

U.S. Ambassador John Bolton intends to introduce formally the resolution to the 15 Security Council members in the hope of a vote on Friday. But China is expected to insist on further negotiations, diplomats said.

China had previously rejected one provision in the new U.S. draft which would authorize international inspections of cargo moving in and out of North Korea to detect arms-related material.

The draft, backed by Japan, also calls for an arms embargo, a ban on any transfer or development of weapons of mass destruction as well as a ban on luxury goods. It would freeze funds overseas of people or businesses connected with North Korea's nuclear and ballistic missile programs.

And it adds a proposal by Japan that would allow, but not require, states to bar the entry of individuals and their families connected or supporting the North's polices on weapons of mass destruction.

The new U.S. draft still invokes Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, which could ultimately lead to military action, and determines that North Korea's actions are a threat to international peace and security.

Chinese U.N. Ambassador Wang Guangya said Beijing wanted to restrict the reference to Chapter 7 to Article 41, which would authorize only a narrow list of sanctions to ensure no military action could be inferred.

Tokyo's own new sanctions, underpinning those imposed after Pyongyang test-fired missiles on July 5, included barring all North Korean ships from Japanese ports and banning imports.

Bush said he was committed to diplomacy and repeated assurances the United States had no intention of attacking North Korea. But he continued to rule out direct talks with North Korea, which Pyongyang wants, saying they had failed in the past.

(Additional reporting by Evelyn Leopold at the United Nations, Steve Holland and Caren Bohan in Washington; Lindsay Beck in Beijing, Jon Herskovitz in Seoul, Chisa Fujioka, Linda Sieg and Isabel Reynolds in Tokyo)

 


 
 
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